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The Championship introduced some significant changes. It was the first to incorporate "world" in its name, being called the World's Professional Snooker Championship.
Previously the draw had been made early in the season and the players made their own arrangements about the dates and venue of matches.
The change in format proved a great success and Thurston's Hall became the primary venue for professional snooker matches. In the period from to , nearly all World Championship matches were played there and with good attendances the professionals could make some money from their share of the entrance charges.
Because of the importance of gate receipts, dead frames were played out, whatever the state of the game. This had often been the case in the early championships but now became universal.
There were five entries in Championship. Joe Davis beat Willie Smith 28—21 in the final, having earlier taken a winning 25—20 lead. The success of the championship resulted in a record thirteen entries for Joe Davis and Horace Lindrum won all their matches easily and met in the final.
Davis had won one of his matches 29—2 after taking a winning 16—0 lead. However Davis won the last ten frames in a row to win 34— Qualifying was introduced for the first time in and, with nine entries, two players were chosen to play a qualification match to reduce the field to eight.
Withers won the match 17—14,  a defeat that Fred put down to ignoring his worsening eyesight. Davis won the first two frames before Withers won the third, doubling the final black to win the frame.
This was to be Withers last frame as Davis won the next 14 to win the match 16—1. Davis then won the remaining 14 dead frames, to win 28 frames in succession.
Lindrum led 17—13 at the half-way stage,  but Davis recovered to win the match 32— Horace Lindrum chose not to enter in and Joe Davis won easily, beating Sidney Smith in the final.
In his semi-final Davis made breaks of and ninety-six in successive frames  and finished the winning frame in the final with a ninety-eight clearance.
Joe won but Fred had the satisfaction of making a clearance, a new record break for the championship,  Joe met Sidney Smith in the final for the second successive year.
Joe again won comfortably, taking a winning 37—25 early on the final day. Joe and Fred Davis met in the final. Joe led 15—10 but then Fred won eleven frames in succession to lead 21— The spectators cheered for nearly a minute when Joe made his century.
The championship resumed in and Joe Davis met Horace Lindrum in the final, a repeat of and The final was organised on a much larger scale than anything previously.
The Royal Horticultural Hall in London was converted to a snooker venue, seating 1, He did not, in any other sense, retire from snooker, continuing to play in other tournaments and exhibition matches for many years.
There were a record twenty entries for the championship. Thirteen had to play in a qualifying competition; the winner joining the other seven in the quarter-finals.
The semi-finals were completed by the middle of March but the two finalists, Fred Davis and Walter Donaldson , agreed to delay the final until the autumn so that it could be played at the rebuilt Thurston's Hall, now renamed Leicester Square Hall.
Donaldson got off to a good start, leading 44—28 after the first week  and eventually taking a winning 73—49 lead early on the 11th day.
Fred Davis and Walter Donaldson again reached the final. This time it was Davis who got off to a good start, leading 45—27 after the first week.
Donaldson led 39—33 after the first week  but Davis pulled ahead on the second week and eventually took a winning 73—58 lead. After three finals at Leicester Square Hall the final moved to Blackpool Tower Circus , moving out of London for the first time since The final was reduced to ninety-seven frames over eight days.
Fred Davis and Walter Donaldson met, yet again, in the final. The score was level at 18—18 after three days but Donaldson pulled ahead to lead 45—39 at the start of the last day.
Davis led 44—28 after six days and, although Donaldson won eight of the twelve frames on the seventh day, Davis won comfortably early on the final day.
Both players were well past their best. Although Lindrum did not play in the News of the World Tournament, he had been receiving more generous starts in recent handicap tournaments and had even withdrawn from a tournament in , complaining about his overly generous handicap which gave the public the wrong impression about his ability.
The entries did not include Joe Davis , who chose not to enter the new tournament. Fred Davis and Walter Donaldson were given byes to the semi-final stage.
They both reached the final again, although Donaldson had a close match against Albert Brown. The final was over seventy-three frames and was held at Blackpool Tower Circus.
Davis had the best of the first four days and led 29— The seventy-one frame final and was the last held at Leicester Square Hall before its closure in The match was tied at 33—33 at the start of the final session but Davis was again successful.
The final was the most one-sided of the eight finals, Davis taking a winning 36—15 lead early on the fifth day.
After his heavy defeat in Walter Donaldson chose not to enter in Davis got off to a good start and held on to win his seventh championship.
Fred Davis and John Pulman met again in the final, played again in Blackpool. The match was again close but Davis won for the eighth time.
The championship attracted only four entries and was held over two weeks in Jersey. Fred Davis, the reigning champion, could not afford to travel such a distance and did not enter.
In the recent News of the World Tournament Pulman had been handicapped as the fourth strongest player. None of the three higher-handicapped players Joe Davis, Fred Davis and Walter Donaldson played in the championship and, with little interest in the event, there was no championship in No world championship, official or unofficial, was held between and but in , with the approval of the BACC, the championship was revived on a challenge basis.
Pulman won the thirty-seven frame match 19—16 to become the official world champion. Pulman won twenty-five of the forty-seven matches to retain the title.
Williams set a new championship record with a break of in the twenty-fourth match. There were seven separate matches played in Liverpool.
Pulman won four of the first six matches to retain the title. After April there were no more contests until Australian Eddie Charlton challenged John Pulman and the pair met in a seventy-three frame match in Bolton , played in March For the championship reverted to being run as a knockout tournament.
This is regarded as the beginning of the modern era for snooker. The first match, played in late saw the end of John Pulman 's reign as champion, beaten by one of the new professionals, John Spencer.
Spencer led 24—18 after the final afternoon session and clinched the match by winning the first frame in the evening with a ninety-seven break.
Spencer won the seventy-three frame final 37— Spencer lost to Ray Reardon at the semi-final stage of the Championship. Reardon went on to win the final against John Pulman to win his first title.
The next world championship was held in Australia in late For the only time there was a group stage with nine players, the top four moving on to a knock-out stage.
Ray Reardon and John Spencer met in one semi-final with Spencer winning easily. Simpson caused a major upset by beating Charlton. Winning his two qualifying matches, he beat John Pulman, Rex Williams and then Spencer in the final to win the title at his first attempt.
The Championship marked a change in format, with the tournament played over two weeks at a single venue rather than over an extended period.
Sixteen played in the first round, the eight winners playing eight seeded players in the second round. In the five-day final Charlton led 7—0 after the opening session  but Reardon led 17—13 after two days.
The match continued to be close but Reardon pulled ahead on the final day to win 38—32, for his second title. The Championship followed a similar format but with somewhat shorter matches and event reduced to ten days.
Reardon met Graham Miles in the three-day final. Reardon led 17—11 after two days and won comfortably 22— The Championship was held in Australia.
Twenty-seven players competed including eight from Australia, sixteen from the United Kingdom, two from Canada and one from South Africa.
The final was held near Melbourne but matches were held in many locations, the semi-finals having been held in Canberra and Brisbane.
In the final Reardon won ten of the twelve frames on the second day to lead 16—8  but Charlton won the first nine frames on the third day to lead.
However Reardon then won seven frames in a row to lead again and, although Charlton levelled the match at 30—30, Reardon won the deciding frame.
The World Snooker Championship was held at two venues; half the draw was held in Middlesbrough and half in Manchester , which also hosted the final.
Alex Higgins won three close matches to reach the final, where he met Ray Reardon. Reardon led 24—15 at the start of the last day and, winning three of the first four frames, took the title 27—16, his fourth successive title.
In , the championship moved to its new home at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield , where it has remained ever since. The championship featured sixteen competitors: eight seeded players and eight qualifiers.
John Spencer beat defending champion Ray Reardon 13—6 in the quarter-finals,  and met Canadian Cliff Thorburn in the final. The two players were closely matched throughout, the score being tied at 9—9 after the first day and 18—18 after the second.
Defending champion John Spencer lost to Perrie Mans in the first round of the championship. The runner-up Cliff Thorburn was defeated 12—13 in his quarter-final match against Eddie Charlton , who won the last five frames.
Reardon won the final 25—18 to claim his sixth world title. It would be another forty years before a quadragenarian won the title again, as Mark Williams won the championship aged forty-three.
The championship was won by Terry Griffiths who had only turned professional seven months prior to the tournament, and needed to win two qualifying matches to reach the Crucible.
In the championship , the number of participants was extended to twenty-four players. Those seeded from nine to sixteen each met a qualifier in the first round, the winner meeting one of the top eight seeds in the second round.
Several changes were made to accommodate the extra matches, including a reduction in the number of frames played in the final, to a maximum of thirty-five.
Cliff Thorburn met Alex Higgins in the final. The match was level at 9—9 after the first day and again at 13—13 after the afternoon session on the second day.
During the evening session, the score was tied once again at 16—16, before Thorburn made a clearance in frame thirty-three and a break of fifty-one in frame thirty-four to win the championship.
Despite being the number thirteen seed, Steve Davis was the favourite for the championship. Davis won the first six frames but was only leading 10—8 at the end of the first day.
He led 14—12 at the start of the final evening session and won the next four frames to win the match 18— Mountjoy set a new championship record with a highest break of during his semi-final match against Ray Reardon.
The championship was extended to thirty-two players with sixteen seeded players and sixteen qualifiers. There was a surprise in the first round when Tony Knowles beat defending champion Steve Davis 10—1.
His opponent Alex Higgins then made a sixty-nine clearance and won the deciding frame and the match 16— The score was 15—15 before Higgins won three frames in a row to win the championship, finishing with a clearance of , denying Reardon the chance to win a seventh world title.
Cliff Thorburn made the first maximum break of the World Championship in during his second-round match against Terry Griffiths. The importance of this achievement at the time is demonstrated by the fact that play was stopped on the other table.
This was the break that gave the World Championship one of its most iconic words of commentary, "oh, good luck mate" on the final black, courtesy of Jack Karnehm.
Thorburn beat Griffiths in a final-frame decider, a match that finished at , the latest-ever finish for a match at the Crucible.
Thorburn then also won his quarter-final and semi-final matches in the deciding frame; exhausted, and deflated by the news that his wife had suffered a miscarriage, he faced a one-sided final against Steve Davis who won 18—6.
Davis led 12—4 after the first day but White won seven of the eight frames on the final afternoon. Davis led 16—12 at the evening interval and, despite a comeback from White, Davis won 18— In the final , also known as the black ball final, Dennis Taylor beat Steve Davis 18—17 on the final ball of the final frame, in one of the most closely contested matches of all time.
It finished at and, with an audience of Johnson led 13—11 at the start of the evening session and won five of the first six frames to win 18— Johnson and Davis met again in the final although, on this occasion, Davis was the winner by a score of 18— Steve Davis and Terry Griffiths met in the final.
The score was 8—8 after the first day but Davis pulled ahead on the final day and won 18— Davis led 13—3 after the first day and won the first five frames on the second day to win the match 18—3.
In , Steve Davis failed to reach the final for the first time since , losing in the semi-finals 14—16 to Jimmy White. In , Hendry, the number one seed, lost in the quarter-finals to Steve James.
In , Jimmy White became the second player to make a maximum break in the world championship, during his 10—4 first round win over Tony Drago.
Stephen Hendry met Jimmy White in the final. White led 14—8 but Hendry won ten frames in a row to win 18— In , James Wattana , from Thailand, became the first Asian player to reach the semi-finals, where he lost to Jimmy White.
The final was one-sided, with Stephen Hendry beating White 18—5. In , Jimmy White reached his sixth final, meeting Stephen Hendry for the fourth time in the final.
Hendry led 5—1 but White won six frames in a row to lead 7—5. Thereafter the match was always close and the match went to a final frame.
White missed a black off the spot, after which Hendry made a break of fifty-eight to clinch the title. Fergal O'Brien made a century in his first frame at the Crucible, the only player ever to do so.
In , Hendry and White met in the semi-finals, where Hendry won again, making a maximum break during the match. In the other semi-final Nigel Bond beat unseeded Andy Hicks.
The final was initially close until Hendry won nine frames in a row to take the score from 5—5 to 14—5.
Hendry eventually won 18—9. Hendry made a record twelve century breaks during the tournament. He met Stephen Hendry in the final.
Ebdon led 4—2 in the early stages but Hendry eventually won 18—12 to win his fifth successive title. There were forty-eight century breaks during the final stages, a new record.
In , in the first round of the championship, Ronnie O'Sullivan made the fastest maximum break in snooker history, taking just five minutes and twenty seconds.
Doherty led 15—7 before Hendry won five frames in a row. Doherty then won the next three frames to win 18—12, ending Hendry's winning run of twenty-nine consecutive matches.
In , Stephen Hendry lost to Jimmy White in the first round of the championship. Doherty reached the final again meeting year-old John Higgins.
Higgins won 18—12, making five centuries in the final. In total there were fifty-nine centuries during the tournament of which Higgins made fourteen, both records.
In , Stephen Hendry won his seventh and final world title, the most in the modern era. In the final he beat Mark Williams 18— In the semi-final between Hendry and Ronnie O'Sullivan each player made four century breaks, the eight centuries being a record for a world championship match.
The period from to was dominated by three players, all born in and who all turned professional in Higgins had also won in , and Williams and O'Sullivan went on to win in and respectively.
In his semi-final Mark Williams trailed 11—15 to John Higgins but took six frames in a row to win 17— In the final Williams met fellow Welshman Matthew Stevens.
Stevens led 13—7 but Williams made another comeback to win 18—16, becoming the first left-handed champion.
Ronnie O'Sullivan won his first world championship in , defeating John Higgins 18—14 in the final. O'Sullivan led 14—7 before Higgins won four frames in a row.
O'Sullivan looked likely to win the title in the 31st frame as he led 17—13 and 69—6. However he missed a red in the middle pocket and Higgins won the frame with a break of Higgins made a break of 45 in frame 32 but O'Sullivan made an 80 break to take the title.
Stephen Hendry beat Ronnie O'Sullivan 17—13 in the semi-final of the Championship , Hendry reaching his ninth final.
Peter Ebdon beat Matthew Stevens 17—16 in the other semi-final. Stevens led 16—14 but Ebdon won the last three frames.
The final went to the deciding frame where Ebdon made a break of 59 and clinched the title. There were a record sixty-eight centuries in the tournament, including a record sixteen by Stephen Hendry who made five centuries in the semi-final and a further four in the final.
Mark Williams won his second World title in by defeating Ken Doherty 18—16 in the final. Ronnie O'Sullivan made the fifth maximum break in the World Championship, becoming the first player to score two s in the event.
Ronnie O'Sullivan won his second world title in by defeating Graeme Dott 18—8 in the final, despite Dott having led 5—0.
Shaun Murphy won the championship by defeating Matthew Stevens 18—16 in the final. Murphy was only the second qualifier to win the World Championship, after Terry Griffiths in Murphy won two qualifying matches and then five matches at the Crucible to take the title.
Graeme Dott beat Peter Ebdon 18—14 in the final. This was the first Championship sponsored by a betting company after the banning of tobacco sponsorship.
In the last round of the qualifying competition Robert Milkins had the first break made during qualifying for the championship. Shaun Murphy came back from 7—12 down to win his quarter-final match against Matthew Stevens,  but lost in the deciding frame of his semi-final to Mark Selby.
Both O'Sullivan and Carter had made maximum breaks earlier in the tournament, the first time there had been two breaks in the same World Championship.
It was O'Sullivan's third maximum in the Championship. John Higgins won his third world title in , beating Shaun Murphy 18—9 in the final.
Michaela Tabb refereed the final, becoming the first woman to do so in a World Championship final. Stephen Hendry won his th frame at the Crucible Theatre , the first player to do so.
The Championship was won by Neil Robertson who beat qualifier Graeme Dott 18—13 in the final, becoming the fourth non-U.
John Higgins won his fourth world title in , beating Judd Trump 18—15 in the final. Trump had beaten David Gilbert in the qualifying competition and then defeated defending champion Neil Robertson in the first round.
Ronnie O'Sullivan won his fourth world title in , defeating Ali Carter 18—11 in the final. On the opening day Hendry made his third maximum break at the Crucible, equalling Ronnie O'Sullivan's record.
Defending champion Ronnie O'Sullivan retained the title in despite having played only one competitive match all season.
He broke Hendry's record of career Crucible centuries, finishing the tournament with He also became the first player to make six century breaks in a Crucible final.
Between and , fifteen of the twenty-one finals featured at least one class of '92 player. Mark Selby won the world title in by beating defending champion Ronnie O'Sullivan 18—14 in the final having trailed 5— Stuart Bingham won the title, defeating Ronnie O'Sullivan 13—9 in the quarter-finals, Judd Trump 17—16 in the semi-finals, and Shaun Murphy 18—15 in the final to win the first world title of his twenty-year professional career.
The tournament set a new record for the most century breaks made at the Crucible, with eighty-six. Defending champion Stuart Bingham lost 9—10 against Ali Carter in the first round of the Championship.
Mark Selby defeated Ding Junhui 18—14 in the final to claim his second world title. Ding was the first Asian player to reach a World Championship final.
There were eighty-six century breaks made during the Championship, equalling the record set in A new record of ten centuries in a professional match was set in the semi-final between Ding Junhui and Alan McManus , with Ding also setting a new record of seven centuries by one player in a World Championship match.
Mark Selby and Marco Fu set a new record for the longest frame of snooker ever played at the Crucible, seventy minutes eleven seconds.
In a high-quality and tightly contested semi-final, defending champion Mark Selby beat Ding Junhui 17—15 in a repeat of the previous year's final.
Higgins won the next three frames but Selby took the title 18—15, becoming champion for the third time in four years, joining Steve Davis, Stephen Hendry, and Ronnie O'Sullivan as the only men to have successfully defended the title since its move to the Crucible.
In , two "class of '92" players, Mark Williams and John Higgins , met in the final. Their rivalry dated back to the late s, although only three of their meetings had been in the World Championships, all in semifinals, in , both won by Williams 17—15 and won by Higgins 17— The match was closely contested, Williams coming out on top by 18—16 to win the World Championship for the first time since , setting a new record for the longest gap between consecutive World Championship victories.
Their final set records for the most century breaks in a professional match, with 11, beating the previous record of 10 set in the semifinal between Ding Junhui and Alan McManus.
It also set a record for the most centuries in a Crucible final, bettering the previous record of eight, set in when Stephen Hendry played Peter Ebdon , and equalled in when O'Sullivan played Barry Hawkins.
Trump set a new record for the most centuries by a player in a single match, achieving seven to better O'Sullivan's six centuries in the final.
It was also O'Sullivan's 37th ranking title, surpassing the 36 ranking titles achieved by Hendry. The format for the World Championship has been largely unchanged since It has a knock-out format with 32 players, contested over 17 days ending on the first Monday in May, which is a public holiday in the United Kingdom.
Before there were a number of different formats used for the Championship. In and , 24 players played in the final stages at the Crucible.
The top eight seeds had a bye in the first round while seeds 9 to 16 played in the first round against eight qualifiers. From to , the first three years at the Crucible, only 16 players reached the final stages, eight seeds playing eight qualifiers in the first round.
Before , the final was not always played over a set number of frames- for example, in Ray Reardon beat Perrie Mans in a best-of frames match 25—18 and, the following year , Terry Griffiths defeated Dennis Taylor 24—16 in a best-of The reigning world champion receives a direct entry and is the number one seed the World Champion is usually seeded 2nd for all ranking tournaments, and The Masters, for the following season.
The remaining direct entries are based on the latest world rankings , players being seeded based on these world rankings.
Since the defending champion is normally ranked in the top 16, the top 16 ranked players generally receive a direct entry. The first round is played over 19 frames, played in two sessions.
The second round and quarter-finals are the best of 25 frames played over three sessions while the semi-finals and final are played over four sessions, the semi-finals being over 33 frames and the final 35 frames.
For the first 12 days of the tournament two matches are played concurrently. For the last five days the semi-finals and final only one table is used.
Prior to the semi-finals were played over 31 frames. Occasionally the dates of the Championship are changed.
In the Championship ended on Sunday 16 May while in , and it ended on the last Sunday in April. In each of these years the tournament started on a Friday but, as of , this has not happened since.
Due to the coronavirus pandemic in the Championship was played later in the year, from 31 July to 16 August. Several changes to the qualifying system came into effect for the championship.
All living world champions would be extended an opportunity to play in the qualifying rounds. The top 16 seeds would still qualify automatically for the first round at the Crucible, but all non-seeded players would have to start in the first of three qualifying rounds.
Previously players seeded 17 to 32 only had to win one qualifying match to reach the final stages. The overall championship would increase from to players, with the additional places made available to former world champions and players from emerging countries.
The 'modern' era is considered to start in , when the championship reverted to a knock-out tournament format from a challenge format.
In the modern game, the best record is that of Stephen Hendry , who won seven times in the s. Ray Reardon in the s, while Steve Davis won six times in the s.
Ronnie O'Sullivan has also won six titles, between and The origin of snooker dates back to the latter half of the 19th century.
The word snooker was a slang term for first-year cadets and inexperienced military personnel, but Chamberlain would often use it for the performance of one of his fellow officers at the table.
Snooker grew in popularity across the Indian colonies and the United Kingdom, but it remained a game mainly for the gentry , and many gentlemen's clubs that had a billiards table would not allow non-members inside to play.
The objective of the game is to score more points than one's opponent by potting object balls in the correct order. At the start of a frame, the balls are positioned as shown in the first image, and the players then take turns hitting shots by striking the cue ball with the tip of the cue , their aim being to pot one of the red balls into a pocket and thereby score a point.
Failure to make contact with the red ball constitutes a foul shot. After that, the player must pot another red ball, then another colour, in sequence.
This process continues until the striker fails to pot the desired ball, at which point the opponent comes to the table to play the next shot.
The game continues in this manner until all the reds are potted and only the six colours are left on the table.
The shots are: yellow first two points , then green three points , brown four points , blue five points , pink six points and black seven points , the balls not being returned to play.
In this situation, called re-spotted black , the black ball is placed on its designated spot and the cue ball is played as ball in hand.
The referee then tosses a coin and the winner decides which player goes first. The frame continues until one of the players pots the black ball or commits a foul.
In professional snooker this is a common occurrence. The referee also replaces the colours on the table when necessary and calls out how many points the player has scored during a break.
Points in snooker are gained from potting the correct balls in sequence. The total number of consecutive points excluding fouls that a player amasses during one visit to the table is known as a break.
A player attaining a break of 15, for example, could have reached it by potting a red then a black, then a red then a pink, before failing to pot the next red.
A maximum break in snooker is achieved by potting all reds with blacks then all colours, yielding points; this is often known as a "" or just as a "maximum".
Points may also be scored in a game when a player's opponent fouls. A foul can occur for various reasons, most commonly for failing to hit the correct ball e.
Points gained from a foul vary from a minimum of four to a maximum of seven if the black ball is involved.
A foul shot that leaves no valid shot for the opponent can leave them a free ball. A free ball allows a player to use any other coloured ball in place of the shot they were supposed to play.
Doing so with all 15 red balls in play can result in a break exceeding a maximum, with the highest possible being a break , achieved via the opponent leaving a free ball , with the black being potted as the additional colour, and then potting 15 reds and blacks with the colours.
One game , from the balls in their starting position until the last ball is potted, is called a " frame ". A match generally consists of a predetermined number of frames and the player who wins the most frames wins the match.
Most professional matches require a player to win five frames, and are called "best of nine" in reference to the maximum possible number of frames.
Professional snooker players play on the World Snooker Tour. Events on the Tour are only open to players on the Tour and selected amateur players, but most events require qualification.
Players can qualify for the Tour either by being high enough on the world rankings from prior seasons, winning continental championships, or through the Challenge Tour or Q School events.
Reflecting the game's aristocratic origins, the majority of tournaments on the professional circuit require players to wear waistcoats and bow ties.
In recent years the necessity for this has been questioned, and players such as Stephen Maguire have been granted medical exemptions from wearing a bow tie.
The Tour also has an official world rankings scheme, with only players on the Tour receiving a ranking. Ranking points , earned by players through their performances over the previous two seasons, determine the current world rankings.
The elite of professional snooker are generally regarded as the "top" ranking players. The oldest professional snooker tournament is the World Championship,  held annually since except during World War II and between and Winning all three events is a difficult task, and has only been done by 11 players.
With some events having been criticised for matches taking too long,  an alternative series of timed tournaments has been organised by Matchroom Sport chairman Barry Hearn.
The shot-timed Premier League Snooker was established, with seven players invited to compete at regular United Kingdom venues, televised on Sky Sports.
While some success was achieved with this format, it generally did not receive the same amount of press attention or status as the regular ranking tournaments.
In , the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association submitted an unsuccessful bid for snooker to be played at the Summer Olympics in Tokyo.
Several players, such as Ronnie O'Sullivan, Mark Allen and Steve Davis, have warned that there are too many tournaments during the season, and that players risk burning out.
Some leagues have allowed clubs to refuse to accept women players in tournaments. Accessories used for snooker include chalk for the tip of the cue, rests of various sorts used for playing shots that cannot be played by hand, a triangle to rack the reds, and a scoreboard.
While pool tables are common to many pubs , snooker tends to be played either in private surroundings or in public snooker halls.
The game can also be played on smaller tables using fewer red balls. Smaller tables can come in a variety of styles, such as fold-away or dining-table convertible.
A traditional snooker scoreboard resembles an abacus and records the score for each frame in units and twenties and the frame scores.
They are typically attached to a wall by the snooker table. A simple scoring bead is also sometimes used, called a "scoring string", or "scoring wire".
Snooker players typically move one or several beads with their cue. The playing surface is The felt is usually a form of fully wool green baize , with a directional nap running from the baulk end of the table towards the end with the black ball spot.
The nap will affect the direction of the cue ball depending on which direction the cue ball is shot and also on whether left or right side spin is placed on the ball.
Even if the cue ball is hit in exactly the same way, the nap will cause a different effect depending on whether the ball is hit down table towards the black ball spot or up table towards the baulk line.
The cloth on a snooker table is not vacuumed, as this can destroy the nap. The cloth is brushed in a straight line from the baulk end to the far end with multiple brush strokes that are straight in direction i.
Some table men will also then drag a dampened cloth wrapped around a short piece of board like a two by four , or straight back of a brush to collect any remaining fine dust and help lay the nap down.
The table is then ironed. Some other cloths include a small percentage of nylon. In the professional era that began with Joe Davis in the s and continues until the present day, a relatively small number of players have succeeded at the top level.
After Davis retired from World Championship play, the next dominant force was his younger brother Fred Davis, who had lost the final to Joe.
After the abandonment of the World Championship in , with the final boycotted by British professionals, the World Professional Match-play Championship became the unofficial world championship.
John Pulman was the most successful player of the s, when the world championship was contested on a challenge basis. Ray Reardon became the dominant force in the s, winning six titles , — and , with John Spencer winning three.
Steve Davis ' first world title in made him only the 11th world champion since , including the winner of the boycotted title, Horace Lindrum.
Davis, for example, won more ranking tournaments than the rest of the top 64 players put together by By retaining his title in , O'Sullivan became the first player to successfully defend the World Championship since Hendry in Mark Selby would also do this in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Snooker disambiguation. Three-time world champion Mark Selby playing a practice game. Main article: History of snooker.
Main article: Rules of snooker. Play media. See also: List of snooker tournaments and Snooker organisations. See also: Comparison of cue sports and Glossary of cue sports terms.
See also: List of snooker players by number of ranking titles and List of snooker players with over century breaks. See also: Snooker variants.
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